A surrender is a full cancellation of a life insurance policy. You are allowed to surrender your policy at any time. A surrender does not affect your credit score, and a surrender will not affect your ability to get a new life insurance policy in the future (but changes in health can). There may be fees associated with your surrender, these are known as surrender charges. These are taken from the cash value (if any). A term life insurance policy does not have any surrender fees.
Sometimes after owning life insurance for a number of years, people have changes in their lives. Sometimes people used to have dependents that no longer require support. Sometimes things like divorce, death, financial windfall, or even a greater need for cash in hand contribute to people deciding they no longer need life insurance coverage. The good news is that permanent forms of life insurance will build cash value over time as long as they are funded properly, and upon surrender the policy owner gets to access these funds. The process to surrender a life insurance policy is relatively straightforward and simple, but if a surrender needs to happen fast it is best to understand the procedures so there are no hiccups.
Reasons For Surrender
The big advantage of surrendering a life insurance policy is the access to the cash value. When a policy is surrendered, it does not merely cease premium payments, it also releases all the saved value to the client (assuming they have not withdrawn or loaned it from the policy already). Generally speaking, the older a policy is and the longer it has been active, the higher the cash value will be. People often surrender their life insurance contracts as one of the first ways to pay unexpected expenses such as house repairs or to get through a period of unemployment.
People also surrender life insurance contracts because sometimes they might not need the coverage anymore. Many people have owned whole life insurance policies for over 20 years. During this period of time many life changes may have taken place. Children may have grown and are no longer dependent on their parents for support, marriages may end in divorce and life insurance is not needed to protect a spouse, companies may be sold and key man insurance is no longer needed, or a beneficiary may predecease the insured and the coverage may be unnecessary.
Cheaper Coverage- Especially From Better Health
Sometimes an insured person may find less expensive coverage from another company. This may be because they never comparison shopped for insurance in the first place and ended up paying more than they should have, or it may be for other health related changes. If the insured person goes through a major shift in health in a positive direction such as weight loss, a new policy may actually be less expensive than the old. While people can apply for a better health rating with an existing policy, they may not be granted the better rating. A new policy may give the insured the opportunity to have the same coverage for less expense.
How To Surrender A Policy
Surrendering a life insurance policy is quick and easy in most cases. A life insurance company is limited by law to how long they can legally hold onto a client’s money after a surrender request is received. To surrender a policy, simply follow these procedures.
- Contact your insurance provider and inform them of your intent to surrender. Request a surrender form and ask if a letter of instruction will be sufficient to surrender the policy.
- Fill in the surrender form exactly as required, or write the letter of instruction.
- Send the surrender form to the company by a manner that can be tracked such as priority mail or registered mail.
- Call to confirm the company received the request after the tracking indicates that they have.
- Receive your funds in a short time.
Tax Consequences Of Surrender
Generally speaking, any gain in your policy will be taxed as income, at your marginal income rate of taxation. The amount of money you put into your life insurance policy, known as the cost basis, is not subject to taxation because after-tax dollars were used to fund the policy. Policy owners should always consult with a qualified tax adviser if they are concerned about possible taxation upon surrender of a life insurance policy.
Some life insurance policies, especially variable universal and universal life insurance policies, may have surrender charges for the first 10-15 years of the policy. A surrender charge is a charge from the cash value imposed by the insurance company for surrendering the contract early or withdrawing money early. Surrender charges can be very significant, especially in the early years of a policy. Always be aware of any possible surrender charges on your life insurance policy before you purchase the policy, and before you withdraw any money or surrender the contract in full.
While surrendering a life insurance contract may cost your beneficiaries in lost death benefits, sometimes surrendering a life insurance contract is unavoidable or advantageous for the owner. It is a comfort to many to know that a readily available source of money is so easily accessible.